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Vocabulary word
Description or definition
Example (s)
Solute
What is mixed into a solvent to make a solution
Salt in Salt water
Solvent
The part of a solution that dissolves the solute
Water in Salt water

The largest portion of a solution
air is 78% nitrogen
Types of Solutions (3)
Liquid solution
Air bubbles in an aquarium

gaseous solution
Earth’s atmosphere

solid solution
Bronze, sterling silver
Polar
A + charge side and a - charge side
Water, sugar molecules
Ways to increase dissolving
Stirring or mixing
Swirling water to dissolve borax

Heating
Heating water to dissolve sugar

Grind particles
table salt vs rock salt
Supersaturated
An unstable solution that contains more solute than a saturated solution can at that temperature

Unsaturated
A solution that is capable of dissolving more solute at a specific temperature

Saturated
A solution that has dissolved all the solute it can normally hold at a specific temperature

Substance
Matter that is an element or a compound
Carbon, water
Element
Only one type of atom, found on the periodic table
Carbon, Nitrogen
Compound
More than one type of atom, chemically bonded together
Water, sugar, salt
Mixture
More than one substance together
Cereal in milk
Heterogeneous
A mixture in which different parts can be easily distinguished
Granite
Homogeneous
A mixture in which different materials are blended evenly so that the mixture is the same throughout; also called a solution
Sugar water, salt water
Suspension
A heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which larger particles eventually settle out.

Solution
A homogeneous mixture containing particles so tiny that they cannot be seen even with a microscope; particles in a solution don’t settle and don’t scatter light

Colloid
A heterogeneous mixture containing tiny particles that never settle out; examples milk and gelatin

Physical properties
The way a substance acts or looks, it’s state of matter
Color, size, magnetic, liquid
Physical change
A change in matter’s physical properties
Ripping, melting, evaporation
Chemical change
A change in matter where the substances change into different substances: thier identity is changed and a new substance is formed. No mass is lost.
Burning, rotting, cooking